Ample hydration before and during practice and play is key for safety and optimal athletic performance, especially in the heat. However, the recent death of a high school football player reportedly from drinking far too much fluid, in an apparent attempt to resolve his muscle cramping, is a grim reminder that over-hydration, while rare, should never be encouraged or dismissed as harmless.
Ready access to water and sports drinks during practice and competition is always recommended for any athletic or other strenuous physical activity. But drinking too much in a short period of time – in this tragic case, reportedly two gallons of water and two more gallons of a sports drink – can be far more than the body can handle. As a result, too much water in the blood can lead to brain swelling followed by seizure, coma and even death. This potentially deadly condition is called hyponatremia. Early symptoms typically include headache and nausea; although an athlete could be feeling this way for other reasons.
How can you avoid hyponatremia?
Bottom line: Hydrate regularly and wisely – but don’t overdrink!
INDIANAPOLIS, IN (August 28, 2014) — The number of participants in high school sports increased for the 25th consecutive year in 2013-14 with a record total of almost 7.8 million, according to the annual High School Athletics Participation Survey conducted by the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS).
Based on figures from the 51 NFHS member state high school associations, which includes the District of Columbia, sports participation for the 2013-14 school year reached an all-time high of 7,795,658 – an increase of 82,081 from the previous year. This one-year increase was the highest since 2009-10.
Girls participation increased for the 25th consecutive year with an additional 44,941 participants from 2012-13 and set an all-time record of 3,267,664. Boys participation eclipsed 4.5 million for the first time (4,527,994), breaking the mark of 4,494,406 in 2010-11.
The increase in boys participation was due in part to the first increase in football numbers in five years. An additional 6,607 boys participated in 11-player football in 2013-14, pushing this past year’s total to 1,093,234. In addition, another 1,715 girls participated in 11-player football last year, an increase of 184 from the previous year.
“We are pleased with the increase in participation numbers in the sport of football for the 2013-14 school year,” said Bob Gardner, NFHS executive director. “With the precautions that are in place nationwide to address concussions in all high school sports, including football, we have maintained that the risk of injury is as low as it ever has been. Certainly, this rise in football numbers is a confirmation of those beliefs and indicates the strong continued interest nationwide in high school football.”
Among the top 10 boys sports, baseball registered the largest gain with an additional 7,838 participants, followed by football and soccer (6,437). The top 10 boys sports remained unchanged from last year: football, outdoor track and field, basketball, baseball, soccer, wrestling, cross country, tennis, golf, and swimming and diving.
Volleyball gained the most participants among girls sports (9,426) from the previous year, and its total of 429,634 was within 3,710 of basketball for the No. 2 position. Track and field, with an additional 5,946 participants from 2012-13, remained the No. 1 sport for girls, followed by basketball, volleyball, soccer, fast-pitch softball, cross country, tennis, swimming and diving, competitive spirit squads and lacrosse.
“This past year’s report on sports participation in our nation’s high schools was another great statement about the importance of these education-based programs,” Gardner said. “We are encouraged that schools are continuing to respond to the funding challenges, and are particularly pleased to see that the increase this past year was evenly distributed between boys and girls.”
In terms of combined participation, lacrosse continued to register sizeable increases as overall participation for boys and girls increased by 9,744 to 188,689. The sport ranks 10th for girls and 11th for boys.
The top 10 states by participants remained in the same order as last year, with Texas and California topping the list with 805,299 and 783,008, respectively. The remainder of the top 10 was New York (389,475), Illinois (343,757), Ohio (325,448), Pennsylvania (317,318), Michigan (299,246), New Jersey (285,020), Florida (268,266) and Minnesota (232,909). Overall, 33 states reported higher figures from the previous year, up from 30 states that had increases the previous year.
The participation survey has been compiled since 1971 by the NFHS through numbers it receives from its member associations. The complete 2013-14 High School Athletics Participation Survey is attached in PDF format and will be posted soon on the NFHS website at www.nfhs.org.
The 6-foot-1 junior was 24-of-33 passing with four touchdown throws to earn the Alabama High School Athletic Association’s Prep Spotlight for Week 1 of the 2014 season.
Sinquefield completed eight passes to Armani Reedy for 127 yards and a 39-yard TD strike, had seven tosses caught by Austin Taylor—two of them for TDs of 9 and 11yards, and delivered TD passes of 6 and 59 yards to Tre Trimble and Marquis Bowens, respectively.
The 433-yard effort was just the 36th 400-yard passing game in AHSAA history and ranks in a tie for 24th all-time. The feat was accomplished twice in 2013.
His performance edged out Spanish Fort quarterback Tyler Johnston’s 353-yard passing effort in in a 42-14 win over Stanhope Elmore at Cramton Bowl in Saturday night’s final Champions Challenge game.
Johnston fired five TD passes including four to receiver Kristian Cotton, who finished with seven catches and 199 yards. His scores covered 90, 26, 16 and 30 yards. The 16-yarder was a spectacular falling grab in the end zone on the last play of the first half. Johnston, who rushed for 101 yards on 12 carries with a 20-yard TD run, added a 74-yard TD toss to LaDarrell Pettway, who had six catches for 129 yards.
Stanhope Elmore quarterback Tanner Anderson and receiver Michael Brown teamed up for two TD connections, including a state-record tying 99-yard score in the second quarter. Brown became just the 10th receiver in state history to haul in a 99-yard touchdown pass.
The first reported came in 1938 and the last in 2011. Receiver Johnny Richardson and quarterback Jack Hill were the first reported duo on record – connecting for 99 yards for Auburn High School’s only score in a 13-7 loss to Selma in ’38. Etowah receiver Darrin Peterson caught a 99-yarder in 2011 in a 21-14 win over Fort Payne. He also had a 93-yard TD catch in that same game.
Sinquefield’s big game also edged out a strong effort by Montgomery Academy’s special teams. Eagles return specialist Sam LaPlatney returned two kickoffs 90 and 85 yards for touchdowns, and place-kicker Jimmy Massey booted a 32-yard field goal in the final seconds of the first half and added the game-winning 27-yard kick in the last seconds of the fourth quarter in a 30-28 win over Montgomery Catholic.
In other highlights from the first week’s regular-season games:
TYRELL PIGROME, CLAY-CHALKVILLE: The first-year starter provided the offensive punch as the Cougars beat Niceville, FL 44-23 in a game televised live nationally by ESPNU. Pigrome rushed 19 times for for 211 yards with three scores, including an 84-yarder. He was also 11-of-14 passing for 196 yards and one TD covering 51 yards to finish with 407 total yards while accounting for four touchdowns.
RaSHAD LOUIE, SHADES VALLEY: The three-year starter had 245 yards passing and 74 yards rushing in a 37-35 win over Florence. Louie completed 11-of-24 passes with TDs of 68 and 9 yards. He also ran 74 yards for a score on the second play of the game.
CONNER KISER, HALEYVILLE: Led Haleyville to a 43-21 win over Winston County, compiling 318 yards of offense. Kiser rushed for 138 yards on 10 carries and passed for 180 yards. He scored on runs of 66 and 38 yards and also threw a touchdown pass.
JAMES RAINES, BERRY: The sophomore quarterback was 14-of-18 passing for 189 yards and three TDs and passed for three 2-point conversions in a 56-22 Class 1A region win over Marion County.
JACOB COOK, OXFORD: Caught eight passes for 213 yards and two TDs as Oxford beat Southside-Gadsden 42-21.
TYLER CRUMPTON, PHILLIPS: Scored three touchdowns as Phillips beat Meek 33-8. Crumpton raced 80 yards for one touchdown and caught two touchdown passes, including a 98-yarder. He finished with 142 receiving yards and also intercepted a pass on defense.
JOSH FREEMAN, COLD SPRINGS: Returned an interception 46 yards and caught a pair of passes for 42 yards in the basketball convert's first-ever high school football game. The Eagles beat Brilliant 25-6 at home.
SHAWN TRAYWICK, VICTORY CHRISTIAN: The running back rushed for 300 yards and a touchdown as VC beat Holy Spirit Catholic 49-17.
JAMARIUS HENDERSON, DALE COUNTY: The senior running back rushed for 250 yards and three touchdowns (30, 73 and 12 yards) on 18 carries in a 48-12 win over Trinity Presbyterian.
BRANDON BAYNES, TALLASSEE: Rolled up 215 yards rushing on 15 carries with touchdowns covering 11, 1 and 66 yards as the Tigers thumped Notasulga 49-0.
TRE’ NATION, LEEDS: The junior running back produced two touchdowns in a 27-24 win over two-time defending Class 3A state champion Madison Academy but carried an even heavier load for the game’s final 14 minutes after his quarterback left the game. Nation took several “Wildcat” snaps, converting an important fourth-down play with a pass and finished the night with 148 yards rushing on 26 carries.
JORDAN JONES, McADORY: Jones, making his first start at QB, totaled 311 yards as the Jackets beat Bibb County 49-31. The junior ran for 201 yards and passed for 110 and accounted for two touchdowns.
KYLE NALL, FAYETTE COUNTY: The senior running back ran for 237 yards and four touchdowns on 22 carries as the Wildcats beat Winfield 35-15. His scoring runs covered 48, 26, 9 and 5 yards.
BRANDON LEWIS, FULTONDALE: The senior had 203 yards rushing and four touchdowns and caught two passes for 75 yards and another score in a 52-31 win over Tarrant.
DEKARLOS BILLINGSLEY, SCOTTSBORO: Rushed for 170 yards and two TDs on 21 carries in the Wildcats’ season-opening 41-21 setback to Dalton, Ga.
BLAIR EDWARDS, GADSDEN CITY: The senior linebacker had 16 tackles and two sacks in the Titians' 34-28 double overtime win over Auburn.
CHANCE DANIELS, BERRY: Had 14 total tackles, two caused fumbles and returned a fumble 38 yards for a TD in the Wildcats’ 56-22 Class 1A win over Marion County.
DEZMOND JOHNSON, SLOCOMB: Slocomb intercepted three passes, including two in the fourth quarter--one in the end zone, during a 21-10 win over Geneva. He also had five tackles. He rushed for 122 yards with a TD and also caught a TD pass while playing both ways.
JOSH MADDEN, TALLADEGA: The senior defensive back snagged two interceptions in his first varsity football game as Talladega beat Talladega County Central 21-0.
KAM PREWITT, CLAY-CHALKVILLE: The senior picked off two passes in a 44-23 victory against Niceville (Fla.) at Hoover High School's Bucs Stadium on ESPNU.
LEVI HAMMACK, ADDISON: Contributed eight tackles (six solo, two assisted with two for loss) and a forced fumble in a 26-23 loss at Pickens County.
CHRISTIAN PATTERSON, BARBOUR COUNTY: Registered 14 tackles in a 18-12 loss to Bullock County.
JUSTIN PATTERSON, CULLMAN: Recorded 13 tackles, including one for a loss and three sacks, in a 21-14 loss at Arab.
STONE COLLINS, WICKSBURG: Led the Panthers defense with 13 tackles in Wicksburg's 34-14 win over Houston County.
ALEX MEDINA, WALKER: The Vikings linebacker had 12 tackles, three resulting in losses, as Walker fell to Pell City 17-14.
A.J. SMOOT, DORA: The defensive end had 10 tackles, including three sacks, and forced a fumble in the Bulldogs' 35-12 win over Cordova.
JORDAN DOLLERSON, FLORENCE: Had three sacks and recovered a fumble for a touchdown in the Falcons’ 37-35 loss to Shades Valley.
RYE SHIVER, VALLEY: Recorded eight tackles and two sacks as the Rams beat Lanett 21-0 for the school’s 16th win in the series over the last 19 meetings. The defense totaled five sacks and forced four turnovers.
SERGIO ALVAREZ, PELL CITY: Booted a 19-yard field to lift the Panthers past Walker 17-14. He was also perfect on two extra-point kicks.
MONTGOMERY – Spanish Fort High School quarterback Tyler Johnston opened the season with a bang Saturday night, connecting with Kristian Cotton on a 90-yard touchdown pass late in the first quarter to give the Toros an early two-touchdown lead in the final game of the 2014 Champions Challenge.
Johnston, who rushed for 101 yards on 12 carries and scored the game’s first TD on a 20-yard first-quarter run, finished the game 16 of 24 passing for 353 yards and 5 touchdowns as Spanish Fort (1-0) won its 25th straight game with a 42-14 win over Stanhope Elmore (0-1).
Cotton also caught TD passes of 90, 26 and 16 yards in the first half and added a 30-yard reception in the third quarter to set a Champions Challenge record with four TD receptions. His 16-yarder came on the final play of the first half when he made a spectacular grab in the end zone over the arms of a Stanhope defender. Cotton wound up with seven receptions for 199 yards.
LaDarrell Pettway had a 74-yard TD catch in the fourth quarter for Coach Mark Freeman’s Toros.
Johnston’s 90-yard connection to Cotton was upstaged in the second quarter, however, when Mustangs quarterback Tanner Anderson completed a pass to Michael Brown that covered 99 yards and Stanhope Elmore’s first touchdown of the night.
The 99-yard reception ties a state record for the longest on record and just the 10th in state history. The last receiver to snag a 99-yarder was Etowah’s Darrin Peterson in a 21-14 win over Fort Payne in 2011.
Brown also caught a 30-yard TD pass later in the second quarter for Stanhope’s second TD. He had the two catches for 129 yards.
Cameron Harrison added 99 yards rushing for Spanish Fort, which had 251 rushing yards and 604 yards overall. Pettway had six catches for the Toros for 129 yards.
Kareem Jackson led Coach Jeff Foshee’s Mustangs with 94 yards on seven carries, and Bennie Smith had 72 yards on 13 attempts.
Alijah Reeves led Stanhope Elmore’s defense with 13 tackles and an interception. Timothy Brown added 10 stops.
Pacing Spanish Fort’s defense were Tre Threat, Maurice Cole and Thomas Johnston with six stops each. The Toros made 11 tackles behind the line for 39 yards in losses.
Six high schools, including one defending state champion, will play Friday night and Saturday at Cramton Bowl as the 9th annual Champion Challenge officially kicks off the 2014 prep football season for the Alabama High School Athletic Association.
Spanish Fort, which will be staking a 24-game winning streak on the line Saturday night against Stanhope Elmore, won the last two Class 5A state titles. The Toros (15-0) of Coach Mark Freeman will meet Coach Jeff Foshee’s Mustangs (4-6) in the final game of the series Saturday night at 7:30 p.m.
The Alabama High School Athletic Directors & Coaches Association (AHSADCA) hosts the series, which played its first Champions Challenge at Cramton Bowl in 2006.
Carver-Montgomery (10-3), which reached the Class 6A quarterfinals in 2013, opens the triple-header Friday at 7 p.m. against Opelika (7-4). Coach Brian Blackmon’s Bulldogs reached the Class 6A finals in 2012.
Stanhope Elmore, Carver and Opelika will be competing this season in Class 6A with Spanish Fort, which moves up a class as the AHSAA changes to seven classifications.
Class 4A Dadeville (11-2) takes on Class 3A Piedmont (11-2) Saturday at 5 p.m. in the small-school game of the series. Coach Richard White’s Tigers have been one of the winningest 4A schools in the state over the last six seasons. Coach Steve Smith’s Bulldogs, the 2009 3A state champions, are likewise in Class 3A. Piedmont lost 34-33 in overtime to eventual state champion Madison Academy last season.
The 2014 will mark the first year that schools will have 11 weeks to play 10 games and the first year for the new seven-classification system. Schools still have a choice to count any week one contest as a regular-season or exhibition contest. The Carver-Opelika and Piedmont-Dadeville games will remain as exhibition games and will not count on either team's record. The Spanish Fort-Stanhope Elmore game will be the regular-season opener for each school.
All six schools are taking the playoff-type approach, however. “This game offers a real state playoff atmosphere,” Spanish Fort’s Freeman said. “We played in this game in 2012 and it helped us prepare for the state playoffs and the state championship game.”
His Toros have compiled a 38-5 record in three seasons under Freeman’s direction and 73-12 over the last six years with three state titles.
Class 6A Stanhope Elmore finished 4-6 last season. The Mustangs are coached by Jeff Foshee, who has compiled a 98-58 record with 11 playoff appearances in 13 seasons.
Gresham has led Carver to a 29-9 record the last three seasons. The Wolverines have gone 60-16 over the last six years with six straight playoff appearances. Brian Blackmon has guided Opelika to a 35-20 record in five seasons with 17 wins over the last two years. The Bulldogs have reached the 6A playoffs for four straight seasons.
Piedmont has won 10 or more games the last seven seasons. Dadeville (11-2) reached the 4A quarterfinals in 2013, losing a 35-34 heartbreaker to UMS-Wright. The Tigers are 66-9 over the last six seasons with an amazing 40-2 record in region play.
The 2014 Champions Challenge will be televised live and web-streamed by AHSAA TV partner Raycom Network. Stations on the network can be found at www.ahsaa.com. The AHSAA Radio Network will also broadcast all three games live. The AHSAA Radio Network affiliates can also be found at www.ahsaa.com. Live stats will also be available online at www.ahsaa.com.
The Champions Challenge schedule:
Friday, August 22 – 7 p.m.: Carver-Montgomery (10-3) vs. Opelika (7-4)
Saturday, August 24 – 5 p.m.: Dadeville (11-2) vs. Piedmont (11-2)
Saturday, August 24 – 7:30 p.m.: Spanish Fort (15-0) vs. Stanhope Elmore (4-6)
CHAMPIONS CHALLENGE HISTORY
Benjamin Russell 28, Walker 14
Straughn 35, Walter Wellborn 26
Bob Jones 23, Enterprise 20
Spanish Fort 33, Muscle Shoals 22
Central of Clay County 25, Beauregard 13
McGill-Toolen 27, Northridge 0
Hueytown 36, Thomasville 27
Hamilton 38, Sweet Water 35
Daphne 24, Clay-Chalkville 21
Opelika 34, Greenville 6
Auburn 30, Spain Park 3
Jackson 30, Trinity 8
Prattville 37, Carver-Montgomery 0
T.R. Miller 27, Leeds 7
Hoover 32, Oxford 27
Prattville vs. Oxford, canceled due to inclement weather
Prattville 36, North Gwinnett, Ga. 3
Hoover 38, UMS-Wright 0
Clay-County 41, Addison 6
Guidelines for the proper administration of football games during the 2014 season have been have been finalized by the AHSAA, including mandatory heat timeouts during early season games.
Heat Timeouts: According to Rule 3-5-7g in the National Federation Rules Book, an official may grant a heat timeout anytime during the contest when it is warranted. As a matter of procedure, the AHSAA has instructed the Referee at each game to make this decision.
The AHSAA will mandate the heat timeouts being called during the first dead ball period after the six-minute mark in each of the four quarters. These mandated timeouts will be used during the first three weeks of the season that begins Aug. 21 or 22.
25-Second Clock: The use of a 25-second clock as supplemental equipment has been approved by the AHSAA. The home team will have sole authority whether to use it or not. The 25-second clock operator must be registered with the AHSAA as an official or an Electric Clock Operator (ECO).
After a game has begun, the Referee will have the authority by rule to make any adjustments to timing issues and competency of the operator. This clock will be used for the “Super Seven” championship games in Auburn Dec. 3-5.
All varsity games must have a registered official operating the game clock. All non-varsity games must have a registered official or an AHSAA-approved Electric Clock Operator (ECO) running the game clock.
Chain Crews: Each host school should use three competent adults on the chain crew for each home game.
Halftimes: According to Rule 3, Section 1, Table 3-1 Note 2, the AHSAA has set a mandatory length for halftimes of all member school contests. Varsity game halftimes will be 20 minutes in length while all sub-varsity halftimes will be 15 minutes in length. By rule, 20 minutes is the maximum length allowed.
By mutual agreement of opposing coaches, the intermission may be reduced to the minimum length of 10 minutes for all levels of play.
Warm-up Periods: All players, including team captains, shall have the opportunity to warm up during the mandatory three-minute warm-up period prior to the second half of play. This mandatory period will begin at the conclusion of the scheduled halftime. If the bands are late leaving the field and other appropriate areas are not provided for the teams to warm up, then the three-minute warm up will begin as soon as the bands exit the field. The home school will be penalized for such a delay.
If the bands clear the field prior to the conclusion of the scheduled halftime and opposing coaches agree to shorten the halftime, the mandatory three-minute warm up period may begin at that time.
Modifications of Seventh Grade Games Only:
For seventh grade games only, a running clock may be used during each of the four periods played. Each period will be eight minutes in length. Also, modifications of kicking rules including kickoffs, free kicks and scrimmage kicks during a seventh grade contest are now permissible upon mutual agreement of the opposing coaches. This mutual agreement of opposing coaches pertaining to these modifications shall be done prior to the start of the contest.